Career strategies: Presentations and publications



Planning growth and development in career options requires continuous focus with flexibility towards differential options in career outcomes. Networking and collaboration with others direct regional and national opportunities in developing a professional reputation that will build your career.

Education and research are both avenues towards research grants, positions and promotions.​ Scholarships and publications are the main contributing factors to career progression in health professions worldwide (McGaghie, 2010).

Opportunities to advance in the industry only exist with a sense of urgency and desire to manage one's path to promotion.

Presentations involvement can represent the engaging influence and level of activity in one's career (Shaw, 2013). Introducing research to meet and interactive gives rise to opportunities. Collaboration with other professionals, group panel participation and invited keynote speeches communicate with society career visibility and influence.

A study by Stranges and Vouri (2016) showed an example of a group of pharmacy residents who published their residency research project after the Great Lakes Pharmacy Resident Conference. Participants were twice as likely to have publication success within five years compared with residents who did not publish their residency research project.

Suggested strategies are:

- plan your goals

- present at a conference, seminar or workshop (to gain experience in education)

- prepare to outperform with a postgraduate medical interview presentation

- gain honours and recognitions for research

- seek and attain funding acceptance to validate research

- work with others in co-authorships and experienced researchers (quality research)

- establish publication with sole authorship.


Planning

Personal realistic documentation of short and long term career goals requires identification of objectives enabling purposeful attainment of credentials. The risk is reduced, costs acknowledged and distractions can be eliminated.

Seeking industry and field information will give you an advantage with knowledge of protocols, policies and guidelines.

Presentations

Presenting at a workshop supports displaying of skills, the progression of a professional academic reputation and promotion (Spagnoletti, Spencer, Bonnema, McNamara, McNeil, 2013). Presenter venue and meeting type distinguish professional designation.

Presentations skills in a leadership-level is an important indicator in recognising ability to manage stress (Beeson, 2012).

Presentations introduce research to peers

Opportunity is for competitive peer review

Leads towards expert acknowledgement

Identifies position, status and influence

Celebrates the spirit of the field

Panel Interview

During an interview the best presentation of your published work towards an interview panel is ranking by the following order - books, chapters in books, refereed papers, reviewed articles, invited editorials, published abstracts, published correspondence, poster presentations and non-medical publications (Mumford, 2005).

Funding for Research

Opportunities are expanding since the Australian Coalition Government has employed increasing number of grants to five-year periods. There is offering to allow a maximum three-month paid extension for maternity leave (Jacobson, 2013).

The Deloitte Access Economics report for the Australian Society for Medical Research identifies Australia"s world health and medical research output has risen (2.5% to 2.8%) from 2002. to 2012. The National Health and Medical Research Council share of Australian output has also increased, from (21.9% to 39.6%) from 2002 to 2012 (Deloitte, 2017).

Journal publishing

The most predictive features in career advancement are the impact the of the journal (ranking), publishing the research and the number of publications. The number of co-authors has a slight negative effect. Regardless, outstanding work will be noticed (van Dijk, Manor and Carey, 2014).

Quantitative methods such as citation counts reflect interest and perception in quality of a published journal article and the degree of author reputation. This tool can give educating faculty and administrators information to determine salary raises, tenure and promotions (Vucovich, Baker, Smith, Jr., 2008). Others include h-index, Altmetrics and Impact Factor.

In research, the growth rate of publishing peer reviewed journals continues to increase and there has not been any indication of it decreasing in the last 50 years. (von In, 2010).

The U.S. Thomson Reuters database identified an increase in the number of author names per article from (3.8% to 4.5%) from 2007 to 2011.

Publications are essential in career development

The number of publications effects reputation

Quality impacts salary, tenure and promotion

Identification for high productivity, researcher honesty and understanding of field goals

Prominence and glory

Co-authorship

Worldwide the number of coauthored articles grew enlarged from 42% to 67% between 1990 and 2010.

International collaboration expanded as internationally coauthored articles of the world raised from (16% to 25%) from 1997 to 2012, (Ware and Mabe, 2015).

Sole authorship

Expertise can be more time efficient. Sole authors with experience can find collaborating in co-authorships difficult, requiring unity of ideas and time. In some situations it can effect the outcome of good results. Generally sole-authors receive more credit than co-authors. Making the decision of sole authorship requires understanding the balance between expertise and of an efficiency of time.

Risks

Leaving an academic career.

Burden by taking on more work.

Ineffective self promotion with open archives, home pages and conference proceedings.

Publishing misconduct: retraction of your paper, publishing in a fake journal and unsuccessful co-authorship.

Self plagiarism dishonesty.

Timeliness in issuing the publication preventing premature release of certain information.

Strategies are needed to make better decisions for career progression and reduce risk.

A successful career is within your power to influence with early career motivation, directional aim, clarity in knowing requirements, eliminating bias in decision making and valuing input from your professional network.

Suggested Readings

Co-authors gone bad – how to avoid publishing conflicts

References

Australia’s health and medical research workforce: Expert people providing exceptional returns. (2016). Retrieved September 6, 2017, from the Deloitte Website: https://www2.deloitte.com/content/dam/Deloitte/au/Documents/Economics/deloitte-au-economics-australias-health-and-medical-research-workforce-071116.pdf

Beeson, J. (2012, January). Managing yourself: Positioning yourself for career advancement. Retrieved from https://webcache.googleusercontent.com/search?q=cache:V943RdFNa_8J:https://hbr.org/2012/01/positioning-yourself-for-caree+&cd=4&hl=en&ct=clnk&gl=au

Calcagno, V., Demoinet, E., Gollner, K., Guidi, L., Ruths, D., & De Mazancourt, C. (2012). Flows of research manuscripts among scientific journals reveal hidden submission patterns. Science, 338(6110), 1065-1069. doi:10.1126/science.1227833

Dijk, D., Manor, O., & Lucas, B. C. (2014). Publication metrics and success on the academic job market. Current Biology, 24(11), 516-517. doi:10.1016/j.cub.2014.04.039

Jacobson. K. (2013, October). Comment: Six steps to fairer funding for female scientists. Retrieved from http://www.sbs.com.au/news/article/2013/10/25/comment-six-steps-fairer-funding-female-scientists

Larsen, P. O., & von Ins, M. (2010). The rate of growth in scientific publication and the decline in coverage provided by Science Citation Index. Scientometrics, 84(3), 575–603. doi:10.1007/s11192-010-0202-z

McGaghie, W. C. (2010, December). Scholarship, Publication and Career Advancement in Health Professions Education. Retrieved from https://amee.org/getattachment/AMEE-Initiatives/ESME-Courses/AMEE-ESME-Face-to-Face-Courses/ESME/ESME-Online-Resources-China-Dec-2015-(1)/Session-6-AMEE-Guide-No-43-Scholarship.pdf

Mumford, C. (2005). The medical job interview: Secrets for success (2nd ed.) Edinburgh: Blackwell Publishing.

Shaw, V. N. (2013). Navigating the academic career: Common issues and uncommon strategies. North Carolina: Information Age Publishing.

Spagnoletti, C. L.., Spencer, A. L., Bonnema, R. A., McNamara, M. C.. & McNeil, M. A. (2013). Workshop preparation and presentation: A valuable form of scholarship for the clinician-educator. Journal of Graduate Medical Education, 5(1), 155–156. doi:10.4300/JGME-D-12-00379.1

Stranges, P. M., & Vouri. S. M. (2016). Impact of resident research publication on early-career publication success. American Journal of Health-System Pharmacy, 73(12), 895-900. doi:10.2146/ajhp150567

Vucovich, L. A., Baker, J. B., & Jack, T., S., Jr. (2008). Analyzing the impact of an author's publications. Journal of the Medical Library Association, 96(1), 63–66. doi:10.3163/1536-5050.96.1.63

Ware, M.,& Mabe, M., (2015, March). The STM report: An overview of scientific and scholarly journal publishing—celebrating the 350th anniversary of journal publishing. Retrieved from http://www.stm-assoc.org/2015_02_20_STM_Report_2015.pdf


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