Career development in healthcare and business



Planning for Progression

Career Development Stages


DEVELOPMENTAL CAREER ENHANCEMENT OPPORTUNITIES

Healthcare industry provides a richly diverse workforce of professionals with challenging and fulfilling careers. Opportunities exist for progression in earning capacity. Career vision towards a career advancement path with research, support and co-ordination are the foundations of achieving success. Ranking professional skills and credentials enables planning for domination of reaching for career goals and influencing others.

According to a report commissioned by General Medical Council, giving of presentations provides a strong indicator towards continuous professional development (College of Emergency Medicine, 2010).

Recent research indicates active participation in presentations during seminars, workshops, written journal articles and the development of healthcare legislation are opportunities for career enhancement (Haroun, 2016).

Holz (1991), identified that when making an executive presentation it is important for information professionals to understand effective presentations are a decisive step toward career success (as cited in Martin & Pemberton, 2003, p. 61).

“Podium presentations and international presenters were found to have a higher chance of being published than poster presentations and local presenters, respectively...podium presentations being twice as likely to be published compared to poster presentations,”

(Daruwalla, Huq, Wong, Nee & Murphy, 2015, “Discussions” para. 2).

Meeting

Experts formally meet to present and discuss a topic, attend educational sessions, participate in discussions and interact towards quality goals for healthcare.

Multidisciplinary meetings are more effective when they are effectively prepared. Facilitation should enable group reasoning and decision-making by structuring discussions around the patient’s needs, available comprehensive information and specialty considerations from core member (Sharma et al., 2016).

Allen et al. (2009) studied a cardiothoracic surgery research program and revealed overall 80% either presented at a national meeting or co-authored a journal article and then applied in the field of surgery.

Medical Meeting

Forum for panel experts and attendee interactions with discussions, poll surveys and poster presentations.

Sharing of research findings is achieved through publication of manuscripts in scientific journals and by presentation of the findings at scientific meetings (Campbell, 2004).

Tweeting during scientific meetings enables attendees or virtual participants to interact in topic discussions. Professional networks expand and opportunities are enabled through personal connections (Radmanesh & Kotsenas, 2016).

Career Interview

Opportunity is given during an interview for a candidate to show interest in a certain specialty of work towards future employment prospect.

Evaluations are made on candidate responses to simulated patient scenarios, clinical skills testing, academic achievements, experience, presentations skills and panel interviewing.

While success in research can be measured by the number of grants and quality publications, career advancement is measured by demonstrations of teaching skills to engage students in meaningful learning (Smith, Wenderoth & Tyler, 2013).

Workshop

Educational work sessions presented to small groups of people meet together over a short period of time concentrating on a defined area of concern give opportunities for communicative development.

According to Al-Umran and Adkoli (2009), a Medical Education Unit raised awareness towards a workshop in communication to improve interaction, informative, counselling and conflict management skills. Results indicated workshop presentations require small group activities, role-play and relevant video-demonstrations for student satisfaction.

Medical writing workshops with short interactive hands-on writing activities improve the knowledge and skills of the participants. Opportunities exist in academic clinical and scientific writing; regulatory, educational and medico-marketing (M. Jawaid, Masood, Alam & S. A. Jawaid, 2011).

Seminar

Educational events of with one or more professional experts or peers presenting a formal discussion to a group on a specified topic related to academic outcomes.

Peer instructed seminars have improved student perceptions of deeper learning and been associated with higher exam scores (Bouwmeester, de Kleijn & van Rijen, 2016).

Takata et al. (2013) analysed content from an interactive medical student web-based seminar and found the students were more active in contributions, interested in patient management, motivated and team focused. The experience was enjoyable and effective in developing evaluation and decision-making skills.

Symposium

Academic meeting with a series of engaging presentations given to an audience. Experts have discussions about a single subject by informing, problem solving or training. A prestigious event with less delegates than a conference.

A study by Balesh et al. (2016) found symposiums as and effective marketing means for encouraging medical students about interventional radiology as a choice in clinical specialty and career option.

McDowell, Krukenberg and Polka (2014) made a call to action nationally and internationally on the need to inspire the generation of data relating to postdoctoral researchers in research symposium involvement and encourage career aspirations.

Conference

Formal meeting on a specific topic organised with a theme and sub-themes. Opportunities are given for experts to present research-based papers that are open to critical consultation and discussion with attendees.

Giving an oral presentation at a conference can be advantageous providing opportunity for peer-review and feedback needed when preparing a manuscript for submission in a peer-reviewed journal (Ranse & Hayes, 2012).

Convention

Gathering of members and industry consultants from organisations to confer about a topic with facilitating the identification, discussion and problem solving in an assembly of delegates.

Shaw (2005) identified annual conventions are places where associations can acknowledge the best publications in different fields of medical science. Career opportunities exist for scientist communicating results to the scientific community with journal publication.

Fellowship schemes, funding opportunities, research grant, faculty promotions, scientific leadership or other scientific prizes are only offered with good publications (Pain, 2007).

Presentation of clear, accurate, researched information and data requires strong analytical and conceptual skills. Research and leadership essentially required for career development.

Trade Show

Marketing of products for trade or for sale. Individual booths at a trade show consist of uniquely different products required.

Scientific journal articles are included in devise labelling at trade shows to promote global medical products. They give supplementary information and explain the devise. Written, printed and graphic information is considered within the scope of labelling as opposed to promotional advertising. Scientific or medical journal articles, scientific or medical reference texts and clinical practice guidelines are all incorporated in the U.S. Food and Drug Administration Regulatory Principles (O'Flaherty, Bellan, Lu, Rowley & Litt, 2016).

Exposition

Specific business sector exposes and market a product by gathering attendees to voice their opinions.

The Ochsner Clinic Foundation initiated a Consolidated Academic and Research Exposition (CARE) program to increase the interest in research-related activity of internal medicine residents.

The Expo increased scholarly activity by 110% in the following year to leading national medical conferences. This included research papers, abstracts, poster and case reports (Ray, Henry, Davis, Alam, Amedee & Pinsky, 2012).

Congress

Annual gathering of large groups of representative leaders in the healthcare field, generally to discuss a particular subject with a series of invited presenters. It may extend for several days and have respective sessions.

In every Congress since 1990, proposals for more assertive federal advancement directives (U.S) have

actioned commitment of resources supporting culturally inclusive public policy making research to support health care decisions making (Sabatino, 2010).

The Australian Medical Research Advisory Board has initiated an Australian Medical Research and Innovation Strategy 2016-2021 in accordance with the Australian Medical Research Future Fund Act 2015 (Australian Government Department of Health, 2017). This includes consultation with national representative; consumers, researchers, healthcare providers and managers.

Research is supported to aid focus on areas for investment opportunities relevant to the health system and all health issues (Frazer, 2016).

Summit

A peak online or event gathering of international generalists and executives from the research, academic, healthcare, government, advocacy and community sectors.

Experts and specialists discuss needs and directions through research, health care, policy community action and occupational health to develop agreed-upon health-related goals.

If you are invited to attend a summit, it is because your opinion is valued and your position is respected. You will be able to meet and network with other influential leaders in the industry (SpinGo, 2015).

References

Academy of Medical Royal Colleges (2010). The effectiveness of continuing professional development (final report). London: College of Emergency Medicine. Retrieved from

http://www.gmc-uk.org/Effectiveness_of_CPD_Final_Report.pdf_34306281.pdf

Allen, J. G., Weiss, E. S., Patel, N. D., Alejo, D. E., Fitton, T. P., Williams, J. A., Barreiro, C. J., Nwakanma, L. U., Yang, S. C., Cameron, D. E., Gott, V. L., & Baumgartner, W. A. (2009). Inspiring medical students to pursue surgical careers: Outcomes from our Cardiothoracic Surgery Research Program. The Annals of Thoracic Surgery, 87, 1816 –1819. doi:10.1016/j.athoracsur.2009.03.007

Al-Umran, K. U., & Adkoli, B. V. (2009). Experience of a workshop on communication skills in health professional education. Journal of Family Community Medicine, 16(3). Retrieved from https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3377044/

Australian Government Department of Health, (2017). Medical research future fund (Strategy and Priorities). Retrieved from http://www.health.gov.au/internet/main/publishing.nsf/Content/mrff

Balesh, E., Misono, A., Attaya, H., Wehrenberg-Klee, E., Rao, S., Specht, K., Bonk, S., Loomis, S., Sheridan, R., Mueller, P., & Walker, T. (2016). Medical student perceptions of interventional radiology (IR): Impact of an IR symposium. Journal of Vascular and Interventional Radiology, 27(234). doi:10.1016/j.jvir.2015.12.599

Bouwmeester, R. A., de Kleijn, R. A., & van Rijen, H. V. (2016). Peer-instructed seminar attendance is associated with improved preparation, deeper learning and higher exam scores: A survey study. BioMed Central Medical Education, 16(200). doi:10.1186/s12909-016-0715-0

B2B: What's the difference between a conference, convention, trade show, and summit? (2015). Retrieved August 10, 2017, from the SpinGo Solutions Web site: http://www.spingo.com/blog/post/b2b-whats-the-difference-between-a-conference-convention-trade-show-and-su

Campbell, R. S. (2004). How to present, summarise, and defend your poster at the meeting. Respiratory Care, 49(10). Retrieved from http://www.rcjournal.com/contents/10.04/10.04.1217.pdf

Daruwalla, Z. J., Huq, S. S., Wong, K. L., Nee, P. Y., & Murphy, D. P. (2015). “Publish or perish”—Presentations at annual national orthopaedic meetings and their correlation with subsequent publication. Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research, 10(58). doi:10.1186/s13018-015-0203-y

Frazer, I. (2016). Letter from the Chair. In Australian Medical Research and Innovation Strategy 2016 – 2021 Determination 2016 (ii). Retrieved from https://www.legislation.gov.au/Details/F2016L01730

Haroun, L. (2016). Navigating your career. In Career development for health professionals: Success in school and on the job (4th ed.). (chap. 17). Retrieved from

https://books.google.com.au/booksid=8wzhCgAAQBAJ&pg=PA320&lpg=PA320&dq=presentations+.+career+development+healthcare+journal+article&source=bl&ots=Hr3x8mOael&sig=PT7w60uZ3KAZrT1mBADlgg6D9M&hl=en&sa=X&ved=0ahUKEwiqufbDqsTVAhWGpZQKHWLbDfs4ChDoAQglMAA%20#v=onepage&q=presentations%20.%20career%20development%20healthcare%20journal%20article&f=false​

Jawaid, M., Masood, Z., Alam, S. N., Shaukat., & Jawaid, S. A. (2011). An analysis of interactive hands-on workshops on medical writing. Journal Of Pakistan Medical Association. 61(1). Retrieved from http://www.jpma.org.pk/PdfDownload/2538.pdf

Martin, P., & Pemberton, J. M. (2003). Making the executive presentation. The Information Management Journal, November-December. Retrieved from https://www.arma.org/bookstore/files/career.pdf

McDowell, G. S., Krukenberg K., & Polka, J. (2014). The future of research symposium: Facilitating postdoctoral involvement in the future of science. Journal of Postdoctoral Research, 2(9). Retrieved from http://www.postdocjournal.com/file_journal/753_48796327.pdf

O'Flaherty, N., Bellan, M., Lu, C. F., Rowley, J.P., III., & Litt, M. (2016). In Promoting medical products globally: Handbook of Pharma and MedTech compliance (pp. 1-47). Retrieved from http://www.bakermckenzie.com/-/media/files/insight/publications/2016/01/promoting-medical-devices-globally/pmpg_us.pdf?la=en

Pain, E. (2007, April). Getting published in scientific journals. Retrieved from http://www.sciencemag.org/careers/2007/04/getting-published-scientific-journals

Position statement: Physician directed use of medical products. (2009). Retrieved August 10, 2017, from American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons, American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons Web site: https://www.aaos.org/uploadedFiles/PreProduction/About/Opinion_Statements/position/1177%20Physician%20Directed%20Use%20of%20Medical%20Products.pdf

Radmanes, A., & Kotsenas, A.L. (2016). Social media and scientific meetings: An analysis of Twitter use at the Annual Meeting of the American Society of Neuroradiology, 37(25-27). Retrieved from http://www.ajnr.org/content/ajnr/37/1/25.full.pdf

Ranse, J., & Hayes, C. (2009). A novice’s guide to preparing and presenting an oral presentation at a Scientific Conference. 7(1). Retrieved from https://ajp.paramedics.org/index.php/ajp/article/view/151/166

Ray, I. B., Henry, T. L., Davis, W., Alam, J., Amedee, R. G., & Pinsky, W. W. (2012). Consolidated academic and research exposition: A pilot study of an innovative education method to increase residents' research. The Ochsner Journal, 12(4). Retrieved from https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3527867/

Sabatino, C.P. (2010). The evolution of health care advance planning law and policy. Milbank Quarterly, 88, 211–239. doi:10.1111/j.1468-0009.2010.00596.x

Sharma, V., Stranieri, A., Burstein, F., Warren, J., Daly, S., Patterson, L., Yearwood J., & Wolff, A. (2016). Group decision making in health care: A case study of multidisciplinary meetings. Journal of Decision Systems, 25(1), 476-485. doi:10.1080/12460125.2016.1187388

Shaw, V. N., (2004). Position. In Career-making in post-modern academia: Process, structure, and consequence (chap. 8). Retrieved from https://books.google.com.au/books?id=LsDNhkPV0AsC&pg=PA97&lpg=PA97&dq=convention+medical+career+journal+article&source=bl&ots=HF7YsXDBUn&sig=6zqwdF-ioQ-hS4Y3ZJbBUS6rqwA&hl=en&sa=X&ved=0ahUKEwjDsPWo7MbVAhVLGJQKHVhbCho4ChDoAQg3MAM%20-%20v=onepage&q=convention%20m#v=onepage&q=convention%20m&f=false

Smith, M. K., Wenderoth M. P., & Tyler, M. (2013). The teaching demonstration: What faculty expect and how to prepare for this aspect of the job interview. Cell Biology Education - Life Sciences Education, 2, 12–18. doi:10.1187/cbe.12-09-0161

Takata, Y., Stein, G. H., Endo, K., Arai, A., Kohsaka, S., Kitano, Y., Honda, H., Kitazono, H., Tokunaga, H., Tokuda, Obika, M., Miyoshi, T., Kataoka, H., & Terasawa, H. (2013). Content analysis of medical students’ seminars: A unique method of analyzing clinical thinking. BioMed Central Medical Education, 13, 156. doi:10.1186/1472-6920-13-156


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